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Ontario Tech acknowledges the lands and people of the Mississaugas of Scugog Island First Nation.

We are thankful to be welcome on these lands in friendship. The lands we are situated on are covered by the Williams Treaties and are the traditional territory of the Mississaugas, a branch of the greater Anishinaabeg Nation, including Algonquin, Ojibway, Odawa and Pottawatomi. These lands remain home to many Indigenous nations and peoples.

We acknowledge this land out of respect for the Indigenous nations who have cared for Turtle Island, also called North America, from before the arrival of settler peoples until this day. Most importantly, we acknowledge that the history of these lands has been tainted by poor treatment and a lack of friendship with the First Nations who call them home.

This history is something we are all affected by because we are all treaty people in Canada. We all have a shared history to reflect on, and each of us is affected by this history in different ways. Our past defines our present, but if we move forward as friends and allies, then it does not have to define our future.

Learn more about Indigenous Education and Cultural Services


Final grades for all courses will be submitted to the Office of the Registrar on a letter grade scale. Credit will be granted for only those courses completed with a grade of D or better. Faculties may require higher grades in some courses to meet degree requirements. See the faculty section of the academic calendar for more information. The following descriptions outline the quality of work associated with each letter grade. Percentage-to-grade equivalencies are included as a guideline for conversion.

A failing grade of WF may be assigned if you have administratively withdrawn for non-attendance.

Courses designated for pass/fail grading will be assigned a grade of PAS or FAL. For such courses, only failing grades will be included in the calculation of the grade point average. If your grade is not available when final grades are approved at the end of a term, special designation will be temporarily added to your record. If a deferred examination has been granted, a grade of DEF will be assigned. If a portion of the work required for the course is incomplete, a grade of INC may be recorded. These grades may satisfy prerequisites for further courses on a temporary basis, but not beyond the end of the subsequent term after which these grades revert to F. 

Calculating the grade point average. 



Grade points



90 to 100


Excellent. Strong evidence of originality and independence of thought; good organization; capacity to analyze and synthesize; superior grasp of subject matter with sound critical evaluations; evidence of extensive knowledge base; and an outstanding ability to communicate.


85 to 89



80 to 84



77 to 79


Good. Substantial knowledge of subject matter; some evidence of organization and analytic ability; a moderate degree of originality and independence of thought; reasonable understanding of relevant issues; evidence of familiarity with literature; and an ability to communicate clearly and fluently.


73 to 76



70 to 72



67 to 69


Adequate. Student is profiting from his or her university experience; an acceptable understanding of the subject matter; ability to develop solutions to simple problems in the material; some ability to organize and analyze ideas; and an ability to communicate adequately.


60 to 66



50 to 59


Marginal. Some evidence that critical and analytic skills have been developed; rudimentary knowledge of the subject matter; and significant weakness in the ability to communicate.


0 to 49


Inadequate. Little evidence of even a superficial understanding of subject matter; weakness in critical and analytic skills; limited or irrelevant use of literature; failure to complete required work; and an inability to communicate.